William J. Sanford is Sheriff, followed by Benjamin W. White.
An election precinct
is established in the home of James Carleton.
One of the largest coordinated escapes in U.S. history is attempted by 55-75 armed slaves
from several counties. They are captured by the state militia following a shootout.
U.S. & World
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends the Mexican War. Mexico gives up California and all land north of the Rio Grande, which makes up 35% of Mexico's total territory.
The Whig Party nominates Mexican War hero (and Kentucky native) Zachary Taylor for President, bypassing the more controversial Henry Clay. On the heels of military victory, Taylor wins easily.
The first Women's Rights Convention in the U.S. opens at Seneca Falls.