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Chronicles of Boone County

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african_americans_in_the_court_orders [2019/09/07 10:15]
hdelaney
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hdelaney
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 ====== Boone County Court Orders ====== ====== Boone County Court Orders ======
-===== Including ​some items involving African Americans =====+===== Including items involving African Americans =====
  
 Compiled for the African Americans in Boone County Project sponsored by Preservation Kentucky. ​ Compiled for the African Americans in Boone County Project sponsored by Preservation Kentucky. ​
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 === 1800 === === 1800 ===
-  * 21 April,​ John Watts established [[ferries|ferry]];​ roads to New port being est'd from Craig'​s Camp.  Fillis, slave of Daniel Mosby exempted from cty levies on a/c of "age & infirmity";​ Reuben Conner, Phillimon Conner & Thos Whitaker apptd patrollers "to perform the duty required by law – twelve hours in each month within the bounds of this County."​+  * 21 April,​ John Watts established [[ferries|ferry]];​ roads to New port being est'd from Craig'​s Camp.  ​**Fillis,** slave of Daniel Mosby exempted from cty levies on a/c of "age & infirmity";​ Reuben Conner, Phillimon Conner & Thos Whitaker apptd patrollers "to perform the duty required by law – twelve hours in each month within the bounds of this County."​
   * 16 June,​ Roswell Cabbins, settlement at Woolper bottoms. ​ John Watts to run tavern at his ferry (& [[John Bush]]). ​ [[John Love]] to run [[taverns|tavern]] near cthouse-to-be   * 16 June,​ Roswell Cabbins, settlement at Woolper bottoms. ​ John Watts to run tavern at his ferry (& [[John Bush]]). ​ [[John Love]] to run [[taverns|tavern]] near cthouse-to-be
   * 21 July, Wm Stanby to keep tavern at ferry   * 21 July, Wm Stanby to keep tavern at ferry
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 === 1805 === === 1805 ===
   * 6 May, Jos. Brand wants to establish grist & saw mill on his land on [[Big Bone Creek]] (once known as rock landing), "​ordered to be quashed for defect appearing in the face of the order" (3 May 1805)   * 6 May, Jos. Brand wants to establish grist & saw mill on his land on [[Big Bone Creek]] (once known as rock landing), "​ordered to be quashed for defect appearing in the face of the order" (3 May 1805)
-  * 3 June,​ Ester,​ slave of Wm Graves, released from levies, age & infirmity +  * 3 June, **Ester,** slave of Wm Graves, released from levies, age & infirmity 
-  * 30 Dec, Trial of Ralf, owned by Wm Carter & Ned, Jeremiah Kirtley, for felony. ​ Charged with murdering James, owned by John Jones. ​ Both claimed innocence – found Ralf guilty – to be hanged Feb 5th, manslaughter for Ned, 25 lashes on bare back.+  * 30 Dec, Trial of **Ralf,** owned by Wm Carter & **Ned,** Jeremiah Kirtley, for felony. ​ Charged with murdering ​**James,** owned by John Jones. ​ Both claimed innocence – found Ralf guilty – to be hanged Feb 5th, manslaughter for Ned, 25 lashes on bare back.
  
 === 1806 === === 1806 ===
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 === 1808 === === 1808 ===
-  * 2 March,​ Lodick Campfield charged with murdering negro boy, Ned, his slave. ​ Lodick moved to quash proceedings because his name was really Ziba – on day of murder he was called Zedick. ​ No bail, taken to jail.  Moses Rouse, on way to Crisler'​s mill on Wed. 24th Feb, 5-6 miles from cthouse on Wilmington-Newport Rd when he heard a noise – saw Campfield & the boy & heard beating & cries. ​ Asked what was the matter & Campfield "​observed that the damned son of a bitch had dirted (sic) himself"​ & that Campfield took him off his horse to make him clean himself "and was correcting him." ​ Rouse said he was willing to buy the boy but Campfield could not agree to that.  James Allin was at his sugar camp near the rd leading from [[courthouse|cthouse]] to mouth of Second Creek, met Campfield who said he was taking the boy to W. Alloway to take the river & sell him but the boy fell off his horse & he (C) feared him dead.  Allin found the boy as he though "​entirely dead" though Campfield wanted him bled.  The next day Allin "found several marks of violence on the neck & face, the appearance of finger nails on the neck".+  * 2 March,​ Lodick Campfield charged with murdering negro boy, **Ned,** his slave. ​ Lodick moved to quash proceedings because his name was really Ziba – on day of murder he was called Zedick. ​ No bail, taken to jail.  Moses Rouse, on way to Crisler'​s mill on Wed. 24th Feb, 5-6 miles from cthouse on Wilmington-Newport Rd when he heard a noise – saw Campfield & the boy & heard beating & cries. ​ Asked what was the matter & Campfield "​observed that the damned son of a bitch had dirted (sic) himself"​ & that Campfield took him off his horse to make him clean himself "and was correcting him." ​ Rouse said he was willing to buy the boy but Campfield could not agree to that.  James Allin was at his sugar camp near the rd leading from [[courthouse|cthouse]] to mouth of Second Creek, met Campfield who said he was taking the boy to W. Alloway to take the river & sell him but the boy fell off his horse & he (C) feared him dead.  Allin found the boy as he though "​entirely dead" though Campfield wanted him bled.  The next day Allin "found several marks of violence on the neck & face, the appearance of finger nails on the neck".
  
 === 1809 === === 1809 ===
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 === 1816 === === 1816 ===
   * 4 March,​ leave given Benj Willis to erect tobacco warehouse in [[Belleview]] & hi discontinues his mill.  Edward Meeks given leave to erect warehouse for everything but tobacco.   * 4 March,​ leave given Benj Willis to erect tobacco warehouse in [[Belleview]] & hi discontinues his mill.  Edward Meeks given leave to erect warehouse for everything but tobacco.
-  * 3 June, Ben, slave of Mary Kirtley in jailhouse. ​ Jeremiah Kirtley came before court insisting on seeing Ben.  "It is ordered that a Writ of Habeus Corpus issue to said Jailor commanding him forthwith to produce the body of said negro Ben before the Court." ​ Ben was brought in & released. +  * 3 June, **Ben,** slave of Mary Kirtley in jailhouse. ​ Jeremiah Kirtley came before court insisting on seeing Ben.  "It is ordered that a Writ of Habeus Corpus issue to said Jailor commanding him forthwith to produce the body of said negro Ben before the Court." ​ Ben was brought in & released. 
-  * 2 Sept, Wm Mcoy exempted from paying taxes on elderly slave, Criss (woman) & Nathan Watts likewise exempted from being taxed on Dinah+  * 2 Sept, Wm Mcoy exempted from paying taxes on elderly slave, ​**Criss** (woman) & Nathan Watts likewise exempted from being taxed on **Dinah**
  
   * October,​ first mention of [[Petersburg]]   * October,​ first mention of [[Petersburg]]
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 === 1819 === === 1819 ===
-  * 4 Jan, A "​venire facias"​ issued against Willoughby, slave of Jeremiah Kirtley for felony larceny. ​ Found guilty & sentenced to 39 lashes.+  * 4 Jan, A "​venire facias"​ issued against ​**Willoughby,** slave of Jeremiah Kirtley for felony larceny. ​ Found guilty & sentenced to 39 lashes.
  
  
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 **May Term**, May 7, p168  **May Term**, May 7, p168 
  
-"​Ordered that the clerk bind by Indenture the following free infants negroes of colour to Jno. Barton, viz. Mary, aged about 13 years; Emily, about 11 years, Fanny, about 9 years, until they are respectively 18 years of age, each; William 7 years old, Abe 3 years old, until 21 years of age each – to be taught respectively the occupations of spinsters & farmers."​+"​Ordered that the clerk bind by Indenture the following ​**free infants negroes of colour** to Jno. Barton, viz. **Mary,** aged about 13 years; ​**Emily,** about 11 years, ​**Fanny,** about 9 years, until they are respectively 18 years of age, each; **William** 7 years old, **Abe** 3 years old, until 21 years of age each – to be taught respectively the occupations of spinsters & farmers."​
  
 **July Term**, July 2, p185 **July Term**, July 2, p185
  
-"On motion of E. D. Grant, and it appearing upon evidence, that "Lucy" ​a Negro Woman of this County is a pauper, unable to labor in whole or in part for her maintenance,​ and that she has no means of support. ​ It is therefore Ordered that she be admitted an inmate of the Poor House of this County. Imto; further Ordered."​+"On motion of E. D. Grant, and it appearing upon evidence, that **Lucy** a Negro Woman of this County is a pauper, unable to labor in whole or in part for her maintenance,​ and that she has no means of support. ​ It is therefore Ordered that she be admitted an inmate of the Poor House of this County. Imto; further Ordered."​
  
 **August Term**, August 6, p189 **August Term**, August 6, p189
  
-Ordered that the Clerk of this Court bind by Indenture, the following free infants of color (formerly the slaves of S. D. Poor) to said Saml D. Poor, Viz Jno. W. aged about 5 years, and Hiram, aged about 9 years until they become of the age of 21 years respectively,​ to be taught the occupation of farmers – the mother consenting – Indentures were ackd accordingly. +Ordered that the Clerk of this Court bind by Indenture, the following ​**free infants of color** (formerly the slaves of S. D. Poor) to said Saml D. Poor, Viz **Jno. W.** aged about 5 years, and **Hiram,** aged about 9 years until they become of the age of 21 years respectively,​ to be taught the occupation of farmers – the mother consenting – Indentures were ackd accordingly. 
-"​Ordered that Clerk bind by Indenture to Jonathan Williams, Bell, a free infant of color, aged about 4 years, to be taught the occupation of Spinster, this is upon the motion of the mother of said infant – and the Indentures were ackd according & the law requires (sic)."​+"​Ordered that Clerk bind by Indenture to Jonathan Williams, ​**Bell, a free infant of color,** aged about 4 years, to be taught the occupation of Spinster, this is upon the motion of the mother of said infant – and the Indentures were ackd according & the law requires (sic)."​
  
 **September Term**, Sept. 3, p198 **September Term**, Sept. 3, p198
  
-"​Oredered that the Clerk of this Court bind by Indenture to Vard. Finnell, Patsey a free infant of color aged about 7 years to be taught the occupation of a spinster. ​ Where upon the Indentures (sic) were acknowledged,​ examined & approved & ordered to be recorded."​+"​Oredered that the Clerk of this Court bind by Indenture to Vard. Finnell, ​**Patsey a free infant of color** aged about 7 years to be taught the occupation of a spinster. ​ Where upon the Indentures (sic) were acknowledged,​ examined & approved & ordered to be recorded."​
  
 **November Term**, Nov. 5, p236 **November Term**, Nov. 5, p236
  
-"The Clerk of this Court is ordered to enter into indentures of apprentice ship with Garnet Riley binding to said riley a negro boy James William until he is Twenty one years old - said Boy is now 12 years of and is to be taught the art of [[farming]]."​ +"The Clerk of this Court is ordered to enter into indentures of apprentice ship with Garnet Riley binding to said Riley **negro boy James William** until he is Twenty one years old - said Boy is now 12 years of and is to be taught the art of [[farming]]."​ 
-"The Clerk of this Court is directed to enter into indentures of apprenticeship with G J Gaines binding to said Gaines a negro Boy named John Brock until the said Boy is 21 years old – said boy was ten years old last March & is to be taught the art of farming."​+"The Clerk of this Court is directed to enter into indentures of apprenticeship with G J Gaines binding to said Gaines a **negro Boy named John Brock** until the said Boy is 21 years old – said boy was ten years old last March & is to be taught the art of farming."​
  
 === 1867 === === 1867 ===
  
 **Special March Term**, March 25, p277 **Special March Term**, March 25, p277
-"The Clerk of this either by himself or deputy is ordered to enter into indentures of apprenticeship binding the John W. Berkshire an infant negro girl named Lucy about 9 years old to learn the trade of spinster – and will report such indentures to this Court. ​ Whereupon said indentures were acknowledged in open Court approved & ordered to record."​+"The Clerk of this either by himself or deputy is ordered to enter into indentures of apprenticeship binding the John W. Berkshire an **infant negro girl named Lucy** about 9 years old to learn the trade of spinster – and will report such indentures to this Court. ​ Whereupon said indentures were acknowledged in open Court approved & ordered to record."​
  
 **May Term**, May 6, p299 **May Term**, May 6, p299
-"The Clerk of this Court either by himself or Deputy is ordered to enter into indentures of apprenticeship binding the Charles G. Bruce an infant negro boy named Woodford [[huey_aa|Huey]] about 9 years old to learn the trade of farming and will report such indentures to this Court. ​ Ellen [[huey_aa|Huey]] the mother of sd infant consenting. ​ Where upon said indentures were acknowledged in open Court, approved and ordered to record."​+"The Clerk of this Court either by himself or Deputy is ordered to enter into indentures of apprenticeship binding the Charles G. Bruce an **infant negro boy named Woodford [[huey_aa|Huey]]** about 9 years old to learn the trade of farming and will report such indentures to this Court.  ​**Ellen [[huey_aa|Huey]]** the mother of sd infant consenting. ​ Where upon said indentures were acknowledged in open Court, approved and ordered to record."​
  
 **Special August Term**, Aug. 17, p345 **Special August Term**, Aug. 17, p345
-Lou Ann, age left blank, bound to A. B. Parker (also the clerk of the court)+**Lou Ann,** age left blank, bound to A. B. Parker (also the clerk of the court)
  
 **Special October Term**, Oct. 10, p372 == **Special October Term**, Oct. 10, p372 ==
-In accounting for the taxes paid for the year, it appears that black tithes are charged more than white:+In accounting for the taxes paid for the year, it appears that **black tithes** are charged more than white:
 "Dr [debit] the Sheriff to 2199 white tithes at $3.00 $6597.00 "Dr [debit] the Sheriff to 2199 white tithes at $3.00 $6597.00
 "Dr [debit] the Sheriff to 164 Negro    Do   at $5.00 $820.00 "Dr [debit] the Sheriff to 164 Negro    Do   at $5.00 $820.00
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 **October Term**, Oct. 6, p501 **October Term**, Oct. 6, p501
 "To 2384 white tythes (sic) at 2.50 $5960.00 "To 2384 white tythes (sic) at 2.50 $5960.00
-" To    226  Negro   ​tythes at 4.50  ​ 1017.00+" To    226  ​**Negro tythes ​**at 4.50  ​ 1017.00
 By 1869, it looks like they are charging the same amount. By 1869, it looks like they are charging the same amount.
  
 **Special December Term**, December 29, p533 **Special December Term**, December 29, p533
-Mentions death Stephen Botts (col’d), M. Hamilton had been apptd administrator of the estate apparently by Botts.+Mentions death **Stephen Botts (col’d),** M. Hamilton had been apptd administrator of the estate apparently by Botts.
  
 ===== Will Book I, 1866-1870, p. 505 =====  ===== Will Book I, 1866-1870, p. 505 ===== 
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 **January Term**, Jan. 4, p.539 **January Term**, Jan. 4, p.539
-Two Af. Ams bound as apprentices to Sebern P. Brady – Allen, 8 years old, to learn farming, & Almedia, 6, to learn occupation of spinster. ​ Both now living with Brady. ​ Another girl, Mary, aged 4, to be bound to John Scott for same purpose.+Two African Americans ​bound as apprentices to Sebern P. Brady – **Allen,** 8 years old, to learn farming, & **Almedia,** 6, to learn occupation of spinster. ​ Both now living with Brady. ​ Another girl, **Mary,** aged 4, to be bound to John Scott for same purpose.
  
 ===== Order Book L, 1870-1874 ===== ===== Order Book L, 1870-1874 =====
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 **Special January Term**, Jan. 8, p116 **Special January Term**, Jan. 8, p116
-Af. Am, boy, Henry, an orphan living with Legrand Gaines (no age) is bound to him as apprentice. ​ From 1866 – 1870, only found two instances of the same thing happening to white children (an example would be Chas. Claudius Rouse, bound to Fielding Rouse, was to receive $100, horse bridle & saddle & suit of clothing upon completion of apprenticeship – Oct Term, Oct 3, 1870, p196).+African American, boy, **Henry,** an orphan living with Legrand Gaines (no age) is bound to him as apprentice. ​ From 1866 – 1870, only found two instances of the same thing happening to white children (an example would be Chas. Claudius Rouse, bound to Fielding Rouse, was to receive $100, horse bridle & saddle & suit of clothing upon completion of apprenticeship – Oct Term, Oct 3, 1870, p196).
  
 **Special August Term**, Aug 10, p182 **Special August Term**, Aug 10, p182
-Af. Am. Boy, Amos, indentured to John O. Campbell, with whom he resides. ​ His father is dead & his mother apparently abandoned him – now about 9 years old – to be taught farming.+African American boy**Amos,** indentured to John O. Campbell, with whom he resides. ​ His father is dead & his mother apparently abandoned him – now about 9 years old – to be taught farming.
  
 **Special Oct Term**, Oct 8, p206 **Special Oct Term**, Oct 8, p206
-Will of Chas [[vest_aa|Vest]] (col) entered by Thomas Roberts, one of the witnesses. ​ The other witness was Wm. S. Oneal.+Will of **Chas [[vest_aa|Vest]]** (col) entered by Thomas Roberts, one of the witnesses. ​ The other witness was Wm. S. Oneal.
  
   * From Will Book L, 25 November 1874, p. 260   * From Will Book L, 25 November 1874, p. 260
 Articles left to widow: ​ breakfast & dinner table ($6), 2 beds, a "​Looking Glass",​ wardrobe, 8 chairs, small trunk & various cooking items, 2 horses ($180), cow & calf, 5 geese, over 3 doz. Chickens, plow, saddle, & wagon – all quite an accumulation for an African American in Boone County. ​ The estate sale (p. 261-2) brought in $578, including tobacco ($176), corn ($120), & hogs ($200+). Articles left to widow: ​ breakfast & dinner table ($6), 2 beds, a "​Looking Glass",​ wardrobe, 8 chairs, small trunk & various cooking items, 2 horses ($180), cow & calf, 5 geese, over 3 doz. Chickens, plow, saddle, & wagon – all quite an accumulation for an African American in Boone County. ​ The estate sale (p. 261-2) brought in $578, including tobacco ($176), corn ($120), & hogs ($200+).
  
-  * Each year, people are reimbursed by the Ct for taking care of paupers, burying drowned people, etc.  Some of those that are taken care of at the county'​s expense are African Americans & those who took care of them for the year are then reimbursed with tax money – but one can assume that these "​paupers"​ are not just sitting around doing nothing but are probably ​working for the families with whom they are staying, e.g. +  * Each year, people are reimbursed by the court for taking care of paupers, burying drowned people, etc.  Some of those that are taken care of at the county'​s expense are African Americans & those who took care of them for the year are then reimbursed with tax money – but one can assume that these "​paupers"​ are likely ​working for the families with whom they are staying, e.g. 
  
-**Regular November Term**, p215 – America Clark pd $75 for keeping "negro woman & infant child"​. ​  +**Regular November Term**, p215 – America Clark pd $75 for keeping ​**"negro woman & infant child"​.**   ​
  
 ===== Order Book M, 1873-1874 ===== ===== Order Book M, 1873-1874 =====
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 **Special Term January 12**, p129-30 **Special Term January 12**, p129-30
-Allen and Almeda (no last names give) who had been apprenticed to S.P. Brady, abandoned their "​Master"​ so he was legally absolved of all responsibility toward them.+**Allen and Almeda** (no last names give) who had been apprenticed to S.P. Brady, abandoned their "​Master"​ so he was legally absolved of all responsibility toward them.
  
 ===== Guardian Book Information ===== ===== Guardian Book Information =====
  
-  * 1 April 1867 - John C. Riley appointed guardian of Kate, Charles, Reuben Hamilton – minors of color. ​ They  have $150 in cash/​property. ​ Page 374+  * 1 April 1867 - John C. Riley appointed guardian of **Kate, Charles, Reuben Hamilton** – minors of color. ​ They  have $150 in cash/​property. ​ Page 374
  
-  * 4 June 1877 - Roberts name guardian of Magalin [[vest_aa|Vest]] (colored) – name difficult to read+  * 4 June 1877 - Roberts name guardian of **Magalin [[vest_aa|Vest]]** (colored) – name difficult to read
  
   * 1911 - Luther Sutton became ward of Walton Bank & Trust   * 1911 - Luther Sutton became ward of Walton Bank & Trust
african_americans_in_the_court_orders.txt · Last modified: 2019/09/07 11:27 by hdelaney