Chronicles of Boone County

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major_john_pollard_gaines [2013/10/02 16:48]
jgregory [Major John Pollard Gaines]
major_john_pollard_gaines [2015/04/20 17:18] (current)
jgregory [Major John Pollard Gaines]
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 ======Major John Pollard Gaines====== ======Major John Pollard Gaines======
  
-Born to Elizabeth and [[Abner Gaines]] in 1795, John P. Gaines moved with his family from Augusta County, Virginia to Boone County, Kentucky shortly thereafter.((Frances Marion Hanger, "​[[http://​bcplfusion.bcpl.org/​Repository/​John_Pollard_Gaines.pdf|John Pollard Gaines, Oregon'​s Governor 1850-53]],"​ //The Oregonian//,​ August 16, 1908, 5.)) Gaines volunteered for service in the [[war_of_1812|The War of 1812]]. (("​Governor John P. Gaines Obituary"​ //Weekly Oregonian//,​ December 15, 1857, 2.)) After returning to Boone County, Gaines practiced law and became a member of the Kentucky State Legislature. From [[1846]] to [[1848]], he served in the Mexican War. Gaines was elected to Congress in [[1847]]((Elizabeth Comer, "​[[http://​www.nkyviews.com/​boone/​pdf/​Gaines_Tavern_Coomer.pdf|Gaines Tavern]],"​ 6.)) despite being held as a prisoner of war, and his opponents'​ urging that "votes for gaines might be votes for a dead man."​((Frances Marion Hanger, "​[[http://​bcplfusion.bcpl.org/​Repository/​John_Pollard_Gaines.pdf|John Pollard Gaines, Oregon'​s Governor 1850-53]],"​ //The Oregonian//,​ August 16, 1908, 5.)) He was then appointed Governor of the Oregon Territory by President Taylor in 1850, a position that future President Abraham Lincoln would turn down.(("​[[http://​www.opb.org/​news/​article/​abraham-lincoln-thanks-no-thanks-oregon-territory/​|Abraham Lincoln: Thanks But No Thanks, Oregon Territory]],"​ //Oregon Public Broadcasting//,​ February 12, 2009.)) After selling his slaves (including [[Margaret Garner]]) and farm in [[richwood|Richwood]] to his brother, Archibald K. Gaines, Gaines began making preparations for his long trip to Oregon. ​ Gaines'​ seven-month-long journey to Oregon by ship would prove fatal, as two of his daughters died of yellow fever along the way.((Frances Marion Hanger, "​[[http://​bcplfusion.bcpl.org/​Repository/​John_Pollard_Gaines.pdf|John Pollard Gaines, Oregon'​s Governor 1850-53]],"​ //The Oregonian//,​ August 16, 1908, 5.)) Dissent brewed in Oregon, due to the length of his absence and the rest of his term would prove just as tumultuous.(("​[[http://​bcplfusion.bcpl.org/​Repository/​John_Pollard_Gaines_Oregon,​_Statesman.pdf|Gaines,​ John Pollard (Gov)]]"​ //Oregon, Statesman Index Books, 1850-1866//​)) Shortly after he took office, in [[1851]], his wife, Elizabeth died after been thrown from a horse. He left office in [[1853]], but stayed in Oregon with his second wife Margaret.((Elizabeth Comer, "​[[http://​www.nkyviews.com/​boone/​pdf/​Gaines_Tavern_Coomer.pdf|Gaines Tavern]],"​ 6.)) Gaines died in Oregon in 1857 of typhoid fever.(("​Governor John P. Gaines Obituary"​ //Weekly Oregonian//,​ December 15, 1857, 2.))+Born to Elizabeth and [[Abner Gaines]] in 1795, John P. Gaines moved with his family from Augusta County, Virginia to Boone County, Kentucky shortly thereafter.((Frances Marion Hanger, "​[[http://​bcplfusion.bcpl.org/​Repository/​John_Pollard_Gaines.pdf|John Pollard Gaines, Oregon'​s Governor 1850-53]],"​ //The Oregonian//,​ August 16, 1908, 5.)) Gaines volunteered for service in the [[war_of_1812|The War of 1812]]. (("​Governor John P. Gaines Obituary"​ //Weekly Oregonian//,​ December 15, 1857, 2.)) After returning to Boone County, Gaines practiced law and became a member of the Kentucky State Legislature. From [[1846]] to [[1848]], he served in the Mexican War. Gaines was elected to Congress in [[1847]]((Elizabeth Comer, "​[[http://​www.nkyviews.com/​boone/​pdf/​Gaines_Tavern_Coomer.pdf|Gaines Tavern]],"​ 6.)) despite being held as a prisoner of war, and his opponents'​ urging that "votes for gaines might be votes for a dead man."​((Frances Marion Hanger, "​[[http://​bcplfusion.bcpl.org/​Repository/​John_Pollard_Gaines.pdf|John Pollard Gaines, Oregon'​s Governor 1850-53]],"​ //The Oregonian//,​ August 16, 1908, 5.)) He was then appointed Governor of the Oregon Territory by President Taylor in [[1850]], a position that future President Abraham Lincoln would turn down.(("​[[http://​www.opb.org/​news/​article/​abraham-lincoln-thanks-no-thanks-oregon-territory/​|Abraham Lincoln: Thanks But No Thanks, Oregon Territory]],"​ //Oregon Public Broadcasting//,​ February 12, 2009.)) After selling his slaves (including [[Margaret Garner]]) and farm in [[richwood|Richwood]] to his brother, Archibald K. Gaines, Gaines began making preparations for his long trip to Oregon. ​ Gaines'​ seven-month-long journey to Oregon by ship would prove fatal, as two of his daughters died of yellow fever along the way.((Frances Marion Hanger, "​[[http://​bcplfusion.bcpl.org/​Repository/​John_Pollard_Gaines.pdf|John Pollard Gaines, Oregon'​s Governor 1850-53]],"​ //The Oregonian//,​ August 16, 1908, 5.)) Dissent brewed in Oregon, due to the length of his absence and the rest of his term would prove just as tumultuous.(("​[[http://​bcplfusion.bcpl.org/​Repository/​John_Pollard_Gaines_Oregon,​_Statesman.pdf|Gaines,​ John Pollard (Gov)]]"​ //Oregon, Statesman Index Books, 1850-1866//​)) Shortly after he took office, in [[1851]], his wife, Elizabeth died after been thrown from a horse. He left office in [[1853]], but stayed in Oregon with his second wife Margaret.((Elizabeth Comer, "​[[http://​www.nkyviews.com/​boone/​pdf/​Gaines_Tavern_Coomer.pdf|Gaines Tavern]],"​ 6.)) Gaines died in Oregon in [[1857]] of typhoid fever.(("​Governor John P. Gaines Obituary"​ //Weekly Oregonian//,​ December 15, 1857, 2.))
  
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major_john_pollard_gaines.txt · Last modified: 2015/04/20 17:18 by jgregory