Chronicles of Boone County

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tobacco_and_the_night_riders [2014/10/23 09:13]
jvaughan [More Information]
tobacco_and_the_night_riders [2015/07/27 11:30] (current)
hdelaney
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 ======Tobacco Wars and the Boone County Night Riders====== ======Tobacco Wars and the Boone County Night Riders======
  
-In [[1904]], a group of Western Kentucky and Tennessee Black Patch tobacco famers formed an alliance in response to the underpricing of tobacco crops by the American Tobacco Company, the monopoly owned by James B. Duke, of North Carolina. ​+By: Hillary Delaney
  
-The group of farmers, was called the “Dark Tobacco District Planters'​ Protective Association of Kentucky and Tennessee” or “PPA”. ​ The PPA aimed to withhold ​tobacco crops from the monopoly ​as a united groupto exert pressure and force a price increase+In 1904, a group of Western ​Kentucky and Tennessee ​Black Patch tobacco famers formed an alliance in response ​to the underpricing of tobacco crops by the American Tobacco Company, ​the monopoly ​owned by James B. Dukeof North Carolina
  
-Despite pressuresome farmers who were already in financial trouble began to sell crops to the monopoly.  Groups of more militant PPA members began campaign of terror and intimidation upon those who sold their crops. ​  These groups of hood-wearing men would ride in on horseback, and destroy crops, salt fields, burn barns and sometimes do violence upon the owner of the property. ​ They were known as “Night Riders”.+The group of farmerswas called the “Dark Tobacco District Planters'​ Protective Association of Kentucky and Tennessee” or “PPA." ​ The PPA aimed to withhold tobacco ​crops from the monopoly ​as united groupto exert pressure ​and force a price increase
  
-This movement spread into Northern Kentucky, where burley tobacco growers formed the Burley Tobacco Society and joined the American Equity Society, also to oppose the monopoly. ​  Large rallies were held at [[Big Bone]] and [[Rabbit Hash]] in December of [[1907]], to generate support and pledges to withhold the [[1908]] crop.   +Despite pressure, some farmers who were already in financial trouble began to sell crops to the monopoly. ​ Groups of more militant PPA members began a campaign of terror and intimidation upon those who sold their crops. ​  These groups of hood-wearing men would ride in on horseback, and destroy crops, salt fields, burn barns and sometimes do violence upon the owner of the property. ​ They were known as “Night Riders.” 
-A  September 11, 1907 letter to the editor of the [[Boone County Recorder]] reports that the group held over 70 million pounds of tobacco from the [[1906]] crop and over 100,000 acres of 1907 crop pledged to be withheld.  ​+ 
 +This movement spread into Northern Kentucky, where burley tobacco growers formed the Burley Tobacco Society and joined the American Equity Society, also to oppose the monopoly. ​  Large rallies were held at [[Big Bone]] and [[Rabbit Hash]] in December of 1907, to generate support and pledges to withhold the 1908 crop.   
 +A  September 11, 1907 letter to the editor of the [[Boone County Recorder]] reports that the group held over 70 million pounds of tobacco from the 1906 crop and over 100,000 acres of 1907 crop pledged to be withheld.  ​
  
 Two weeks after this letter was published, night riders burned the old Whipps tobacco warehouse, in the “center of [[Walton]]”,​ according to the Lexington Herald, Sept. 30. 1907.  The barn contained the crop of Noah Glasscock, who lost 65,000 bounds of tobacco to be sold to the Continental Tobacco Company (part of the monopoly trust). The crop was not insured, and total loss was estimated at $80,000, including damage. Two weeks after this letter was published, night riders burned the old Whipps tobacco warehouse, in the “center of [[Walton]]”,​ according to the Lexington Herald, Sept. 30. 1907.  The barn contained the crop of Noah Glasscock, who lost 65,000 bounds of tobacco to be sold to the Continental Tobacco Company (part of the monopoly trust). The crop was not insured, and total loss was estimated at $80,000, including damage.
tobacco_and_the_night_riders.txt · Last modified: 2015/07/27 11:30 by hdelaney